Actor legal definition of Actor Leave a comment

Each type varies in prominence, frequency of appearance, and pay. The first is known as a series regular—the main actors on the show as part of the permanent cast. Actors in recurring roles are under contract to appear in multiple episodes of a series.

ˈactor – feminine also ˈactress – noun a performer in a play. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘actor.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Deren was not quite a dancer, untrained as an actor, but endowed with charisma and temperament, craving not so much to be seen as to be recognized, turning her tumultuous private social life into a kind of performance. Look up actor, actress, or player in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Thanks to advances in digital recording and Internet distribution, radio drama is experiencing a revival. In Stanislavski’s system, also known as Stanislavski’s method, actors draw upon their own feelings and experiences to convey the “truth” of the character they portray.

Actor–network theory

The testers are trained actors who are given a similar script about their employment history, family and incomes. These actors include investors, foundations and increasingly international organizations, corporations and governments. The first axiom says that either an actor performs a local computation or its extra-logical attributes all remain invariant. The actor was performing a ‘holding back’ or a ‘keeping back’ that was, paradoxically (‘despite himself’) propelling him forward.

Radio drama achieved widespread popularity within a decade of its initial development in the 1920s. By the 1940s, it was a leading international popular entertainment. With the advent of television in the 1950s, however, radio drama lost some of its popularity, and in some countries has never regained large audiences. However, recordings of OTR (old-time radio) survive today in the audio archives of collectors and museums, as well as several online sites such as Internet Archive.

Nonhuman actors can be considered as a condition in human social activities. Through the human’s formation of nonhuman actors such as durable materials, they provide a stable foundation for interactions in society. Although the interlocks between human actors and nonhumans effects the modernized society, this parliamentary setting based on nonhuman actors would eliminate such fake modernization, and changes the dichotomy between modern society and premodern society. The “state of the art” of ANT in the late 1980s is well-described in Latour’s 1987 text, Science in Action. ANT appears to reflect many of the preoccupations of French post-structuralism, and in particular a concern with non-foundational and multiple material-semiotic relations.

definition of actor

The development of the theatre and opportunities for acting ceased when Puritan opposition to the stage banned the performance of all plays within London. The re-opening of the theatres in 1660 signaled a renaissance of English drama. English comedies written and performed in the Restoration period from 1660 to 1710 are collectively called “Restoration comedy”. Restoration comedy is notorious for its sexual explicitness. At this point, women were allowed for the first time to appear on the English stage, exclusively in female roles.

From about 1990 onwards, ANT started to become popular as a tool for analysis in a range of fields beyond STS. It was picked up and developed by authors in parts of organizational analysis, informatics, health studies, geography, sociology, anthropology, archaeology, feminist studies, technical communication, and economics. A logline is a one-sentence summary of a book, play, film, or television show that provides a brief synopsis of the central conflict and an emotional “hook” to garner interest. Wizard of Oz – A young girl is swept away in a tornado to a magical land and must find a Wizard to help her return home. Needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding.

Phrases Containing actor

“Whereas women’s parts in plays have hitherto been acted by men in the habits of women … we do permit and give leave for the time to come that all women’s parts be acted by women,” Charles II ordained in 1662. According to Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, the first actress to exploit this new freedom was Margaret Hughes, as Desdemona in Othello on December 8, 1660. There are at least four contributions of nonhumans as actors in their ANT positions. The approach is related to other versions of material-semiotics . It can also be seen as a way of being faithful to the insights of ethnomethodology and its detailed descriptions of how common activities, habits and procedures sustain themselves. Similarities between ANT and symbolic interactionist approaches such as the newer forms of grounded theory like situational analysis, exist, although Latour objects to such a comparison.

definition of actor

Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience; there is no evidence that they produced anything but crude scenes. Traditionally, actors were not of high status; therefore, in the Early Middle Ages, traveling acting troupes were often viewed with distrust. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous, immoral, and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. Alike nonhumans’ impacts on morality and politics, they could gather actors from other times and spaces. Interacted with variable ontologies, times, spaces, and durability, nonhumans exert subtle influences within a network.

ANT in arts

In William Shakespeare’s England, however, women’s roles were generally played by men or boys. There were several secular plays staged in the Middle Ages, the earliest of which is The Play of the Greenwood by Adam de la Halle in 1276. It contains satirical scenes and folk material such as faeries and other supernatural occurrences. At the end of the Late Middle Ages, professional actors began to appear in England and Europe.

  • Alike nonhumans’ impacts on morality and politics, they could gather actors from other times and spaces.
  • In modern times, particularly in pantomime and some operas, women occasionally play the roles of boys or young men.
  • Although it is called a “theory”, ANT does not usually explain “why” a network takes the form that it does.
  • They show how the boundary between the technological and the social, as well as the link between them, is the topic of constant battles and trials of strength in the creation of facts, rather than taking technology for granted.
  • Meisner technique requires the actor to focus totally on the other actor as though they are real and they only exist in that moment.

Opera has several “breeches roles” traditionally sung by women, usually mezzo-sopranos. Examples are Hansel in Hänsel und Gretel, Cherubino in The Marriage of Figaro and Octavian in Der Rosenkavalier. Renaissance theatre derived from several medieval theatre traditions, such as the mystery plays, “morality plays”, and the “university drama” that attempted to recreate Athenian tragedy.

Amateur performers in England were exclusively male, but other countries had female performers. The actor’s interpretation of a role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. This can also be considered an “actor’s role,” which was called this due to scrolls being used in the theaters.

As of 2008, ANT is a widespread, if controversial, range of material-semiotic approaches for the analysis of heterogeneous relations. In part because of its popularity, it is interpreted and used in a wide range of alternative and sometimes incompatible ways. There is no orthodoxy in current ANT, and different authors use the approach in substantially different ways. Some authors talk of “after-ANT” to refer to “successor projects” blending together different problem-focuses with those of ANT.

The actor–network theory can also be applied to design, using a perspective that is not simply limited to an analysis of an object’s structure. From the ANT viewpoint, design is seen as a series of features that account for a social, psychological, and economical world. ANT argues that objects are designed to shape human action and mold or influence decisions. In this way, the objects’ design serves to mediate human relationships and can even impact our morality, ethics, and politics. For example, until the late 1600s, audiences were opposed to seeing women on stage, because of the belief stage performance reduced them to the status of showgirls and prostitutes. Even Shakespeare’s plays were performed by boys dressed in drag.


Irving was renowned for his Shakespearean roles, and for such innovations as turning out the house lights so that attention could focus more on the stage and less on the audience. His company toured across Britain, as well as Europe and the United States, demonstrating the power of star actors and celebrated roles to attract enthusiastic audiences. His knighthood in 1895 indicated full acceptance into the higher circles of British society.

definition of actor

The quasi-object is an entity characterized by the way it is connective and weaves networks, social collectives, and associations . If taken to its logical conclusion, then, nearly any actor can be considered merely a sum of other, smaller actors. It contains many electronic and mechanical components, all of which are essentially hidden from view to the driver, who simply deals with the car as a single object.

Acting Course

However, the idea of ANT now applies into design principle, where design starts to be viewed as a connector. As the view of design itself has changed, the design starts to be considered more important in daily lives. ] analyze how design shapes, definition of actor connects, reflects, interacts our daily activities. Actor–network theory has become increasingly prominent within the discipline of international relations and political science. In relativist theory, reflexivity is considered as a problem.

Unlike theater actors, who develop characters for repeat performances, film actors lack continuity, forcing them to come to all scenes with a fully developed character already. Some theater actors need to learn stage combat, which is simulated fighting on stage. Actors may have to simulate hand-to-hand fighting or sword-fighting. Actors are coached by fight directors, who help them learn the choreographed sequence of fight actions.

This is mainly attributed to the influx of emigrants from the Weimar Republic, “including film directors, producers, cameramen, lighting and stage technicians, as well as actors and actresses”. Pioneering film directors in Europe and the United States recognized the different limitations and freedoms of the mediums of stage and screen by the early 1910s. Silent films became less vaudevillian in the mid-1910s, as the differences between stage and screen became apparent. Due to the work of directors such as D W Griffith, cinematography became less stage-like, and the then-revolutionary close-up shot allowed subtle and naturalistic acting.

Definition of actor – Learner’s Dictionary

Firstly, it implies that what is described takes the shape of a network, which is not necessarily the case. Secondly, it implies “transportation without deformation,” which, in ANT, is not possible since any actor-network involves a vast number of translations. Traditionally, nonhuman entities are creatures including plants, animals, geology, and natural forces, as well as a collective human making of arts, languages. In ANT, nonhuman covers multiple entities including things, objects, animals, natural phenomena, material structures, transportation devices, texts, and economic goods. But nonhuman actors do not cover entities such as humans, supernatural begins, and other symbolic objects in nature.

Actor’s Dictionary

At the same time, it was much more firmly embedded in English-language academic traditions than most post-structuralist-influenced approaches. Its grounding in science and technology studies was reflected in an intense commitment to the development of theory through qualitative empirical case-studies. The theory demonstrates that everything in the social and natural worlds, human and nonhuman, interacts in shifting networks of relationships without any other elements out of the networks.

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